What is Neurosurgery?

Many people think of neurosurgery as brain surgery but it involves so much more. People are often surprised to know that neurosurgeons are also spinal surgeons. Neurosurgery is a specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment, both surgical and non-surgical, of disorders of the nervous system and its coverings. This includes the brain, skull, spinal column, spinal cord and peripheral nerves (the nerves of the arms and legs).

Neurosurgeons are required to treat a wide range of conditions affecting both the brain and spine in children and adults. These conditions include:

  • Head and spinal trauma
  • Brain and spinal tumours
  • Cerebral aneurysms and vascular abnormalities
  • Degenerative conditions of the spine causing back pain and/or leg pain from pinched nerves (sciatica), neck pain and/or arm pain from pinched nerves (brachialgia)
  • Movement disorder such as Parkinson’s Disease
  • Pituitary tumours and acoustic tumours
  • Chronic pain
  • Epilepsy
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Carpel Tunnel Syndrome and other peripheral nerve disorders

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